5 Common Viruses That Reptiles Can Get

November 21st, 2019

It’s important to note that although you can’t directly prevent viruses from being picked up and developing in your reptile to the best of your ability you can provide a stable environment that diminishes the possibilities of such illnesses. Petcover look at 5 of the most common viruses that reptiles can get.

  1. Iridovirus
    This can affect the reptile’s tissue in the liver, kidney and spleen. A DNA virus that may also cause anaemia if the virus attacks the reptile’s red blood cells.
  2. Herpesvirus
    Common signs of this virus include weakness, loss of appetite, discharge from the nasal passage, swelling in the eyelids and regurgitation. This particular illness is an enveloped DNA virus that can lead to pneumonia and neurological problems.
  3. Poxvirus
    Linked to mostly tortoises and lizards among other reptiles the signs of this virus will include skin lesions all over the body but mostly on the reptile’s head.
  4. Adenovirus
    This illness is more commonly found in bearded dragons and king snakes. The virus will show in signs of weight loss, loss of appetite caused by higher numbers of liver enzymes. It can also cause lesions on the intestines and liver and if left untreated it will cause neurological diseases.
  5. Flavivirus

This is an RNA virus that can be transmitted through infected insect consumption. This virus can affect reptiles causing liver disease, encephalitis, stomatitis and death.

If you see signs of any of the above, or other behavioural or physical differences, go straight to your specialist exotics vet. It is unlikely you will be able to make a fully comprehensive evaluation of the reptile’s condition at home, so it’s always best to go to your vet for advice.

The opinions expressed here are the personal opinions of the writer. Content published here does not necessarily represent the views and opinions of Petcover.

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